Who Built America? Volume Two: Since 1877 Working People and the Nation's History

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Format: Paperback
Pub. Date: 2007-12-21
Publisher(s): Bedford/St. Martin's
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Who Built America?explores fundamental conflicts in United States history by placing working peoples' struggle for social and economic justice at center stage. Unique among U.S. history survey textbooks for its clear point of view,Who Built Americais a joint effort of Bedford/St. Martin's and the American Social History Project, based at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York and renowned for its print, visual, and multimedia productions such as the "History Matters" Web site. With vivid prose, penetrating analysis, an acclaimed visual program, and rich documentary evidence,Who Built America?gives students a thought-provoking book they'll want to read and instructors an irreplaceable anchor for their course.

Author Biography


aims to revitalize interest in history by challenging the traditional ways that people learn about the past. Founded in 1981 by the late Herbert Gutman and Stephen Brier and based at The Graduate Center of the City University of New York, ASHP/CML produces award-winning print, visual, and multimedia materials about the working men and women whose actions and beliefs shaped American history. Also with Bedford/St. Martin’s, they have published History Matters: A Student Guide to U.S. History Online, based on their popular Web resource of the same name.

CHRISTOPHER CLARK, professor of history at the University of Connecticut, received the Frederick Jackson Turner Award from the Organization of American Historians for The Roots of Rural Capitalism: Western Massachusetts, 1780–1860 (1990). His other publications include The Communitarian Moment: The Radical Challenge of the Northampton Association (1995) and Social Change in America: From the Revolution through the Civil War (2006), together with articles on rural history and the social roots of American economic development. He has also been the co-recipient of the Cadbury Schweppes Prize for innovative teaching in the humanities.

NANCY A. HEWITT is Professor II of history and women’s and gender studies at Rutgers University. She has received many awards and prizes, including the Jerome T. Krivanek Distinguished Teaching Award and the Julia Cherry Spruill Book Prize as well as fellowships from the NEH, the Mellon Foundation, and the Guggenheim Memorial Foundation. Her publications include Women’s Activism and Social Change: Rochester, New York, 1822–1872 (1984); Visible Women: New Essays on American Activism, co-edited with Suzanne Lebsock (1993); and Southern Discomfort: Women’s Activism in Tampa, Florida, 1880s-1920s (2001). She has published numerous articles on women’s history and women’s activism.

ROY ROSENZWEIG is Mark and Barbara Fried Professor of History & New Media at George Mason University, where he also heads the Center on History and New Media (http://chnm.gmu.edu). He is the author, co-author, and co-editor of numerous books including The Park and the People: A History of Central Park; The Presence of the Past: Popular Uses of History in American Life; Eight Hours for What We Will: Workers and Leisure in an Industrial City, 1870-1920; History Museums in the United States: A Critical Assessment; Presenting the Past: Essays on History and the Public, and Digital History: A Guide to Gathering, Presenting, and Preserving the Past on the Web. He was co-creator of the CD-ROM, Who Built America?, which won James Harvey Robinson Prize of American Historical Association.

NELSON LICHTENSTEIN is professor of history at the University of California, Santa Barbara where he directs the Center for the Study of Work, Labor and Democracy. He is the author of Labor’s War at Home: the CIO in World War II (1982, 2003); Walter Reuther: the Most Dangerous Man in Detroit (1997); and State of the Union: A Century of American Labor (2002), which won the Philip Taft Prize in Labor History. He has held fellowships from the Guggenheim and Rockefeller Foundations. His edited books include Industrial Democracy in America: the Ambiguous Promise (1993); Wal-Mart: The Face of Twenty-First-Century Capitalism (2006); American Capitalism: Social Thought and Political Economy in the Twentieth Century (2006); and Major Problems in the History of American Workers (2003).

JOSHUA BROWN, Visual Editor, is the executive director of the American Social History Project/Center for Media and Learning and professor of history at The Graduate Center of the City University of New York. He was visual editor of the first edition of Who Built America? and also co-authored the accompanying CD-ROMs and video documentary series. He has served as executive producer on many digital and Web projects, including Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity: Exploring the French Revolution; The Lost Museum: Exploring Antebellum Life and Culture; and The September 11 Digital Archive. Brown is author of Beyond the Lines: The Pictorial Press, Everyday Life, and the Crisis of Gilded Age America (2002); co-author (with Eric Foner) of Forever Free: The Story of Emancipation and Reconstruction (2005); and co-editor of History from South Africa: Alternative Visions and Practices (1991), as well as numerous essays and reviews on the history of U.S. visual culture.

DAVID JAFFEE, Visual Editor, teaches Early American history and interactive pedagogy and technology at the City College of New York and The Graduate Center of the City University of New York (CUNY). He is the author of People of the Wachusett: Great New England in History and Memory, 1630-1860 (1999) and is completing a book titled Craftsmen and Consumers in Early America, 1760–1860. He has also written many essays on artists and artisans in Early America as well as on the use of new media in the history classroom. He is the project director of two NEH grants at CUNY to develop multimedia resources for the teaching of U.S. history. He has been the recipient of various fellowships including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Winterthur Museum, and the Huntington Library.

Table of Contents

Note: Each chapter ends with a timeline, "The Years in Review," and a bibliography, "Additional Readings."



From the Civil War to the Great Uprising of Labor: Reconstructing the Nation, 1865–1877

Reconstruction: America's Unfinished Revolution

The Centennial and the Other America

The Great Uprising of Labor

Conclusion: The Continuing Struggle over Who Built America and Who Deserves its Rewards


1. Progress and Poverty: Industrial Capitalism in the Gilded Age, 1877–1893

The Industrialization of America

Power and Profit

The South and West Industrialize

Conclusion: Capitalism and the Meaning of Democracy

2. Community and Conflict: Working People Respond to Industrial Capitalism, 1877–1893

Working People and Their Communities

The Workingman's Hour

Labor Politics and Conflict

Conclusion: Labor, Capital, and the State

3. The Producing Classes and the Money Power: A Decade of Hard Times, Struggle, and Defeat, 1893–1904

Hard Times and Hard Struggles

The Populist Movement

Racism Institutionalized and Challenged

Territorial and Economic Expansion

Conclusion: End of a Century; End of an Era

4. Change and Continuity in Daily Life, 1900–1914

The Workplace Transformed

Inequality in Everyday Life

Towards a Consumer Culture

Conclusion: A New Era Dawns, Old Inequalities Persist

5. Radicals and Reformers in the Progressive Era, 1900–1914

Andru Karnegi and Mr. Rucevelt: Simplified Spelling and the Contours of Progressivism

Women Progressives

Radical Challenges to the Status Quo

Progressivism and Politics

Conclusion: Toward the Modern State


6. Wars for Democracy, 1914–1919

World War I Comes to Europe

The War in America

The Expanding Wartime Economy

Militancy, Repression, and Nativism

Winning the War and Losing the Peace

Conclusion: Toward a Postwar Society

7. A New Era, 1920–1929

Business Conservatism at Home and Abroad

The New Economy

The Expansion of American Consumer Culture

The Culture Wars of the 1920s

Conclusion: Hoover and the Crash

8. The Great Depression and the First New Deal, 1929–1935

The Onset of the Great Depression

Hard Times

President Hoover's Response to the Crisis

The Promise of a New Deal

The Revival of Organized Labor

The First New Deal Under Attack

The Counteroffensives against the New Deal

Conclusion: The Unraveling of the First New Deal

9. Labor Democratizes America, 1935–1939

The Second New Deal

The Challenge of Industrial Unionism

The Culture of New Deal America

Backlash Against Labor and the New Deal

Conclusion: What the New Deal Accomplished

10. A Nation Transformed: The United States in World War II, 1939–1946

The Origins of the Second World War

Fighting the War

Mobilizing the Home Front

Economic Citizenship for All?

The End of the War

Conclusion: A New Order at Home and Abroad



11. The Cold War Boom, 1946–1960

The Cold War in a Global Context

The New Deal Under Attack

The Affluent Society and Its Discontents

Conclusion: New Challenges for the Postwar Order

12. The Rights Conscious 1960s

The Civil Rights Movement

The Liberal Hour

The Vietnam Experience

Extending and Ending the Long Sixties

Conclusion: An Increasing Rights Consciousness

13. Economic Adversity Transforms the Nation, 1973–1989

The Shifting World Economy

The Nation Moves to the Right

The Reagan Revolution and Economic Disparity

Struggling Against the Conservative Tide

Conclusion: The Reagan Legacy

14. The American People in an Age of Global Capitalism, 1989–2001

A New Geopolitical Order

A New Economic Order

The Rise and Fall of Clintonian Liberalism

Polarization and Stalemate

Conclusion: America's Political Rift

15. America's World after 9/11

The Shock of 9/11

The War on Terror

New Business and Conservative Agendas

The Unraveling of the Bush Regime

Conclusion: Looking Forward

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