The Unfinished Nation: A Concise History of the American People, Volume I

Edition: 5th
Format: Paperback
Pub. Date: 2006-12-15
Publisher(s): McGraw-Hill Co
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Known for its clear narrative voice, impeccable scholarship, and affordability, Alan Brinkley'sThe Unfinished Nationoffers a concise but comprehensive examination of American History. Balancing social and cultural history with traditional political and diplomatic themes, it tells the story of the diversity and complexity of the United States and the forces that have enabled it to survive and flourish despite division. This fifth edition of Volume 1 includes coverage of events and developments through the year 1877 and features two new essays.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrationsp. xv
List of Maps and Chartsp. xviii
Prefacep. xxi
The Meeting of Culturesp. 2
America Before Columbusp. 4
The Civilizations of the Southp. 4
The Civilizations of the Northp. 4
Europe Looks Westwardp. 7
Commerce and Nationalistp. 8
Christopher Columbusp. 8
The Spanish Empirep. 10
Northern Outpostsp. 12
Biological and Cultural Exchangesp. 12
Africa and Americap. 16
The Arrival of the Englishp. 19
Incentives for Colonizationp. 19
The French and the Dutch in Americap. 22
The First English Settlementsp. 22
Debating the Past: The American Population Before Columbusp. 14
America in the World: The Atlantic Context of Early American Historyp. 18
Conclusionp. 24
For Further Referencep. 25
Transplantations and Borderlandsp. 26
The Early Chesapeakep. 28
The Founding of Jamestownp. 28
Reorganization and Expansionp. 28
Exchanges of Agricultural Technologyp. 31
Maryland and The Calvertsp. 32
Bacon's Rebellionp. 34
The Growth of New Englandp. 35
Plymouth Plantationp. 35
The Massachusetts Bay Experimentp. 37
The Expansion of New Englandp. 38
Settlers and Nativesp. 40
King Philip's War and the Technology of Battlep. 40
The Restoration Coloniesp. 42
The English Civil Warp. 42
The Carolinasp. 43
New Netherlands New York, and New Jerseyp. 44
The Quaker Coloniesp. 45
Borderlands and Middle Groundsp. 46
The Caribbean Islandsp. 47
Masters and Slaves in the Caribbeanp. 47
The Southwestern Borderlandsp. 48
The Southeast Borderlandsp. 50
The Founding of Georgiap. 51
Middle Groundsp. 52
The Development of Empirep. 55
The Dominion of New Englandp. 55
The "Glorious Revolution"p. 56
Debating the Past: Native Americans and "The Middle Ground"p. 54
Conclusionp. 57
For Further Referencep. 58
Society and Culture in Provincial Americap. 60
The Colonial Populationp. 62
Indentured Servitudep. 62
Birth and Deathp. 62
Medicine in the Coloniesp. 63
Women and Families in the Coloniesp. 64
The Beginnings of Slavery in English Americap. 65
Changing Sources of European Immigrationp. 67
The Colonial Economiesp. 71
The Southern Economyp. 71
Northern Economic and Technological Lifep. 72
The Extent and Limits of Technologyp. 73
The Rise of Colonial Commercep. 74
The Rise of Consumerismp. 75
Patterns of Societyp. 76
Masters and Slaves on the Plantationp. 77
The Puritan Communityp. 78
Citiesp. 81
Awakenings and Enlightenmentsp. 83
The Pattern of Religionsp. 83
The Great Awakeningp. 84
The Enlightenmentp. 85
Literacy and Technologyp. 85
Educationp. 86
The Spread of Sciencep. 88
Concepts of Law and Politicsp. 88
Debating the Past: The Origins of Slaveryp. 68
Debating the Past: The Withcraft Trialsp. 82
Conclusionp. 90
For Further Referencep. 91
The Empire in Transitionp. 92
Loosening Tiesp. 93
A Decentralized Empirep. 94
The Colonies Dividedp. 94
The Struggle for the Continentp. 95
New France and the Iroquois Nationp. 95
Anglo-French Conflictsp. 96
The Great War for the Empirep. 97
The New Imperialismp. 99
Burdens of Empirep. 99
The British and the Tribesp. 101
Battles over Trade and Taxesp. 102
Stirrings of Revoltp. 103
The Stamp Act Crisisp. 103
The Townshend Programp. 104
The Boston Massacrep. 105
The Philosophy of Revoltp. 107
Sites of Resistancep. 108
The Tea Excitementp. 109
Cooperation and Warp. 111
New Sources of Authorityp. 111
Lexington and Concordp. 113
Conclusionp. 114
For Further Referencep. 115
The American Revolutionp. 116
The States Unitedp. 118
Defining American War Aimsp. 118
The Declaration of Independencep. 118
Mobilizing for Warp. 119
The War for Independencep. 122
The First Phase: New Englandp. 122
The Second Phase: The Mid-Atlantic Regionp. 122
Securing Aid from Abroadp. 125
The Final Phase: The Southp. 126
Winning the Peacep. 128
War and Societyp. 129
Loyalists and Minoritiesp. 129
The War and Slaveryp. 131
Native Americans and the Revolutionp. 133
Women's Rights and Women's Rolesp. 133
The War Economyp. 134
The Creation of State Governmentsp. 135
The Assumptions of Republicanismp. 135
The First State Constitutionsp. 136
Revising State Governmentsp. 136
Toleration and Slaveryp. 137
The Search for a National Governmentp. 137
The Confederationp. 138
Diplomatic Failuresp. 138
The Confederation and the Northwestp. 139
Indians and the Western Landsp. 141
Debts, Taxes, and Daniel Shaysp. 141
Debating the Past: The American Revolutionp. 120
America in the World: The Age of Revolutionsp. 130
Conclusionp. 143
For Further Referencep. 144
The Constitution and the New Republicp. 146
Framing a New Governmentp. 147
Advocates of Reformp. 148
A Divided Conventionp. 148
Compromisep. 150
The Constitution of 1787p. 151
Adoption and Adaptationp. 152
Federalists and Antifederalistsp. 152
Completing the Structurep. 154
Federalists and Republicansp. 155
Hamilton and the Federalistsp. 155
Enacting the Federalist Programp. 156
The Republican Oppositionp. 157
Establishing National Sovereigntyp. 158
Securing the Westp. 158
Maintaining Neutralityp. 160
The Downfall of the Federalistsp. 161
The Election of 1796p. 161
The Quasi War with Francep. 161
Repression and Protestp. 162
The "Revolution" of 1800p. 164
Conclusionp. 165
For Further Referencep. 165
The Jeffersonian Erap. 168
The Rise of Cultural Nationalismp. 170
Educational and Literary Nationalismp. 170
Medicine and Sciencep. 171
Cultural Aspirations of the New Nationp. 172
Religion and Revivalismp. 173
Stirrings of Industrialismp. 175
Technology in Americap. 175
Transportation Innovationsp. 177
Country and Cityp. 180
Jefferson the Presidentp. 180
The Federal City and the "People's President"p. 181
Dollars and Shipsp. 182
Conflict with the Courtsp. 183
Doubling the National Domainp. 184
Jefferson and Napoleonp. 184
The Louisiana Purchasep. 186
Exploring the Westp. 186
The Burr Conspiracyp. 187
Expansion and Warp. 189
Conflict on the Seasp. 190
Impressmentp. 190
"Peaceable Coercion"p. 191
The "Indian Problem" and the Britishp. 192
Tecumseh and the Prophetp. 193
Florida and War Feverp. 194
The War of 1812p. 195
Battles with the Tribesp. 195
Battles with the Britishp. 196
The Revolt of New Englandp. 196
The Peace Settlementp. 199
America in the World: The Global Industrial Revolutionp. 178
Conclusionp. 199
For Further Referencep. 200
Varieties of American Nationalismp. 202
Stabilizing Economic Growthp. 203
The Government and Economic Growthp. 204
Transportationp. 204
Expanding Westwardp. 206
The Great Migrationp. 207
White Settlers in the Old Northwestp. 207
The Plantation System in the Old Southwestp. 208
Trade and Trapping in the Far Westp. 208
Eastern Images of the Westp. 209
The "Era of Good Feelings"p. 210
The End of the First Party Systemp. 210
John Quincy Adams and Floridap. 212
The Panic of 1819p. 213
Sectionalism and Nationalismp. 213
The Missouri Compromisep. 213
Marshall and the Courtp. 215
The Court and the Tribesp. 217
The Latin American Revolution and the Monroe Doctrinep. 218
The Revival of Oppositionp. 219
The "Corrupt Bargain"p. 219
The Second President Adamsp. 220
Jackson Triumphantp. 220
Conclusionp. 221
For Further Referencep. 222
Jacksonian Americap. 224
The Rise of Mass Politicsp. 225
The Expanding Electoratep. 226
The Legitimization of Partyp. 228
President of the Common Manp. 228
"Our Federal Union"p. 229
Calhoun and Nullificationp. 231
The Rise of Van Burenp. 231
The Webster-Hayne Debatep. 232
The Nullification Crisisp. 232
The Removal of the Indiansp. 233
White Attitudes toward the Tribesp. 233
The "Five Civilized Tribes"p. 233
Trails of Tearsp. 234
The Meaning of Removalp. 236
Jackson and the Bank Warp. 236
Biddle's Institutionp. 237
The "Monster" Destroyedp. 237
The Taney Courtp. 238
The Emergence of the Second Party Systemp. 239
The Two Partiesp. 239
Politics after Jacksonp. 241
The Panic of 1837p. 241
The Van Buren Programp. 242
The Log Cabin Campaignp. 243
The Frustration of the Whigsp. 245
Whig Diplomacyp. 245
Debating the Past: Jacksonian Democracyp. 230
Conclusionp. 246
For Further Referencep. 247
America's Economic Revolutionp. 248
The Changing American Populationp. 249
Population Trendsp. 250
Immigration and Urban Growth, 1840-1860p. 250
The Rise of Nativismp. 252
Transportation and Communications Revolutionsp. 253
The Canal Agep. 253
The Early Railroadsp. 255
The Triumph of the Railsp. 256
The Telegraphp. 256
New Forms of Journalismp. 258
Commerce and Industryp. 259
The Expansion of Business, 1820-1840p. 259
The Emergence of the Factoryp. 259
Advances in Technologyp. 260
Innovations in Corporate Organizationp. 261
Men and Women at Workp. 262
Recruiting a Native Work Forcep. 262
The Immigrant Work Forcep. 264
The Factory System and the Artisan Traditionp. 264
Fighting for Controlp. 265
Patterns of Societyp. 266
The Rich and the Poorp. 266
Social Mobilityp. 268
Middle-Class Lifep. 268
The Changing Familyp. 269
The "Cult of Domesticity"p. 270
Leisure Activitiesp. 271
The Agricultural Northp. 272
Northeastern Agriculturep. 272
The Old Northwestp. 273
Rural Lifep. 275
Conclusionp. 276
For Further Referencep. 276
Cotton, Slavery, and the Old Southp. 278
The Cotton Economyp. 280
The Rise of King Cottonp. 280
Southern Trade and Industryp. 282
Sources of Southern Differencep. 284
Southern White Societyp. 285
The Planter Classp. 285
The "Southern Lady"p. 286
The Plain Folkp. 287
Slavery: The "Peculiar Institution"p. 289
Varieties of Slaveryp. 289
Life under Slaveryp. 291
Slavery in the Citiesp. 293
Free Blacksp. 293
Slave Resistancep. 294
The Culture of Slaveryp. 296
Slave Religionp. 296
Language and Musicp. 297
The Slave Familyp. 298
Debating the Past: The Character of Slaveryp. 290
Conclusionp. 299
For Further Referencep. 299
Antebellum Culture and Reformp. 302
The Romantic Impulsep. 304
Nationalism and Romanticism in American Paintingp. 304
An American Literaturep. 304
Literature in the Antebellum Southp. 306
The Transcendentalistsp. 307
The Defense of Naturep. 308
Visions of Utopiap. 308
Redefining Gender Rolesp. 310
The Mormonsp. 311
Remaking Societyp. 312
Revivalism, Morality, and Orderp. 312
Health, Science, and Phrenologyp. 312
Medical Sciencep. 315
Educationp. 315
Rehabilitationp. 316
The Rise of Feminismp. 317
The Crusade against Slaveryp. 318
Early Opposition to Slaveryp. 318
Garrison and Abolitionismp. 319
Black Abolitionistsp. 319
Anti-Abolitionismp. 322
Abolitionism Dividedp. 323
America in the World: The Abolition of Slaveryp. 320
Conclusionp. 324
For Further Referencep. 325
The Impending Crisisp. 326
Looking Westwardp. 327
Manifest Destinyp. 328
Americans in Texasp. 328
Oregonp. 329
The Westward Migrationp. 330
Expansion and Warp. 332
The Democrats and Expansionp. 332
The Southwest and Californiap. 334
The Mexican Warp. 335
The Sectional Debatep. 338
Slavery and the Territoriesp. 338
The California Gold Rushp. 339
Rising Sectional Tensionsp. 340
The Compromise of 1850p. 341
The Crises of the 1850sp. 343
The Uneasy Trucep. 343
"Young America"p. 343
Slavery, Railroads, and the Westp. 344
The Kansas-Nebraska Controversyp. 344
"Bleeding Kansas"p. 345
The Free-Soil Ideologyp. 346
The Pro-Slavery Argumentp. 347
Buchanan and Depressionp. 348
The Dred Scott Decisionp. 349
Deadlock over Kansasp. 349
The Emergence of Lincolnp. 350
John Brown's Raidp. 351
The Election of Lincolnp. 352
Conclusionp. 353
For Further Referencep. 354
The Civil Warp. 356
The Secession Crisisp. 357
The Withdrawal of the Southp. 357
The Failure of Compromisep. 358
The Opposing Sidesp. 360
The Mobilization of the Northp. 360
Economic Nationalismp. 360
Raising the Union Armiesp. 361
Wartime Leadership and Politicsp. 362
The Politics of Emancipationp. 363
African Americans and the Union Causep. 364
Women, Nursing, and the Warp. 365
The Mobilization of the Southp. 365
Confederate Governmentp. 366
Money and Manpowerp. 367
Economic and Social Effects of the Warp. 368
Strategy and Diplomacyp. 369
The Commandersp. 369
The Role of Sea Powerp. 372
Europe and the Disunited Statesp. 374
Campaigns and Battlesp. 375
The Technology of Warp. 375
The Opening Clashes, 1861p. 377
The Western Theater, 1862p. 377
The Virginia Front, 1862p. 379
1863: Year of Decisionp. 382
The Last Stage, 1864-1865p. 385
Debating the Past: The Causes of the Civil Warp. 359
America in the World: The Consolidation of Nationsp. 370
Conclusionp. 389
For Further Referencep. 389
Reconstruction and the New Southp. 392
The Problems of Peacemakingp. 394
The Aftermath of War and Emancipationp. 394
Competing Notions of Freedomp. 394
Plans for Reconstructionp. 396
The Death of Lincolnp. 397
Johnson and "Restoration"p. 399
Radical Reconstructionp. 399
The Black Codesp. 399
The Fourteenth Amendmentp. 401
The Congressional Planp. 402
The Impeachment of Andrew Johnsonp. 403
The South in Reconstructionp. 404
The Reconstruction Governmentsp. 404
Educationp. 405
Landownership and Tenancyp. 406
Incomes and Creditp. 406
The African-American Family in Freedomp. 407
The Grant Administrationp. 408
The Soldier Presidentp. 409
The Grant Scandalsp. 409
The Greenback Questionp. 410
Republican Diplomacyp. 410
The Abandonment of Reconstructionp. 411
The Southern States "Redeemed"p. 411
Waning Northern Commitmentp. 412
The Compromise of 1877p. 412
The Legacy of Reconstructionp. 414
The New Southp. 415
The "Redeemers"p. 415
Industrialization and the "New South"p. 415
Tenants and Sharecroppersp. 417
African Americans and the New Southp. 418
The Birth of Jim Crowp. 419
Debating the Past: Reconstructionp. 400
Conclusionp. 422
For Further Referencep. 423
Appendicesp. A-1
Indexp. I-1
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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