A History of World Societies, Concise Edition, Volume 1

by ; ; ; ; ;
Edition: 12th
Format: Paperback
Pub. Date: 2020-09-28
Publisher(s): Bedford/St. Martin's
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A History of World Societies provides a concise overview of world history by sharing the cultural stories of global people -- all through a regional lens.

Table of Contents

The Combined Volume includes all chapters.

Volume 1 includes Chapters 1-16.

Volume 2 includes Chapters 16-33.

NOTE: LaunchPad material that does not appear in the print book – including guided reading exercises, quizzes for sources and features, LearningCurve adaptive quizzes, summative quizzes, all of the documents from the companion reader Sources for World Societies, and quizzes for each of the documents in the companion reader – has been labeled on this table of contents as shown. Each chapter in LaunchPad also comes with a wealth of additional documents, key terms flashcards, map quizzes, and much more, all of which can be easily integrated and assigned.



Versions and Supplements

Maps, Figures, and Tables

Special Features


The Earliest Human Societies

to 2500 b.c.e.

Evolution and Migration

Understanding the Early Human Past • Hominin Evolution • Homo Sapiens, "Thinking Humans" • Migration and Differentiation

Later Paleolithic Society, ca. 200,000–9000 b.c.e.

Foraging for Food • Family and Kinship Relationships • Cultural Creations and Spirituality

The Development of Agriculture in the Neolithic Era, ca. 9000 b.c.e.

Plant Domestication and the Development of Horticulture • Animal Domestication and the Rise of Pastoralism • Plow Agriculture

Neolithic Society

Social Hierarchies and Slavery • Gender Hierarchies and Inheritance • Trade and Cross-Cultural Connections

Chapter Summary

MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


Primary Source Features

Analyze Visual Evidence Bison and Human in Lascaux Cave

Compare Viewpoints Calendar Megaliths in Egypt and England

Individuals in Society The Iceman, A Neolithic Murder Victim


Complex Societies in Southwest Asia and the Nile Valley

3800–500 b.c.e.

Writing, Cities, and States

Written Sources and the Human Past • Cities and the Idea of Civilization • The Rise of States, Laws, and Social Hierarchies

Mesopotamia from Sumer to Babylon

Environmental Challenges, Irrigation, and Religion • Sumerian Politics and Society • Writing, Mathematics, and Poetry • Empires in Mesopotamia • Life Under Hammurabi

The Egyptians

The Nile and the God-King • Egyptian Society and Work • Migrations, Revivals, and Collapse • Iron and the Emergence of New States

The Hebrews

The Hebrew State • The Jewish Religion • Hebrew Family and Society

The Assyrians and Persians

Assyria, the Military Monarchy • The Rise and Expansion of the Persian Empire • The Religion of Zoroaster

Chapter Summary

MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


Primary Source Features

Analyze Written Evidence Hammurabi’s Code on Marriage and Divorce

Compare Viewpoints Babylonian and Hebrew Ideas of Rulers and Divine Favor

Individuals in Society King Taharqa, Ruler of Kush and Egypt


The Foundation of Indian Society

to 300 c.e.

The Land and Its First Settlers, ca. 3000–1500 b.c.e.

The Aryans During the Vedic Age, ca. 1500–500 b.c.e.

Aryan Dominance in North India • Life in Early India • Brahmanism

India’s Great Religions

Jainism • Siddhartha Gautama and Buddhism • Hinduism

Western Contact and the Mauryan Unification of North India, ca. 513–185 b.c.e.

Encounters with the West • Chandragupta and the Founding of the Mauryan Empire • The Reign of Ashoka, ca. 269–232 b.c.e.

Small States and Trading Networks, 185 b.c.e.–300 c.e.

Chapter Summary

MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


Primary Source Features

Analyze Visual Evidence Gandharan Frieze Depicting the Buddha’s Enlightenment

Compare Viewpoints Divine Martial Prowess in India and Sumer

Individuals in Society Sudatta, Lay Follower of the Buddha


China’s Classical Age

to 221 b.c.e.

The Emergence of Civilization in China

The Impact of Geography • Early Agricultural Societies of the Neolithic Age

The Shang Dynasty, ca. 1500–1050 b.c.e.

Shang Society • Bronze Metalworking • The Development of Writing

The Early Zhou Dynasty, ca. 1050–400 b.c.e.

Zhou Politics • Life During the Zhou Dynasty

The Warring States Period, 403–221 b.c.e.

New Technologies for War • The Victorious States

Confucius and His Followers

Confucius • The Spread of Confucian Ideas

Daoism, Legalism, and Other Schools of Thought

Daoism • Legalism • The Workings of Nature

Chapter Summary

MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


Primary Source Features

Analyze Written Evidence The Teachings of Confucius

Compare Viewpoints The Inglorious Side of War in the Book of Songs and the Patirruppattu

Individuals in Society Li Bing, Water-Works Expert


The Greek Experience

3500–30 b.c.e.

Greece in the Bronze Age and the "Dark Age," ca. 3000–800 b.c.e.

The Minoans and Mycenaeans • The "Dark Age"

The Development of the Polis in the Archaic Age, ca. 800–500 b.c.e.

Organization of the Polis • Overseas Expansion and Trade • The Growth of Sparta • The Evolution of Athens

Turmoil and Culture in the Classical Period, 500–338 b.c.e.

The Deadly Conflicts, 499–404 b.c.e. • Athenian Arts in the Age of Pericles • Social Hierarchies and Sexual Relations • Public and Personal Religion • The Development of Philosophy

Hellenistic Society, 323–30 b.c.e.

From Polis to Monarchy, 404–200 b.c.e. • Building a Hellenized Society • The Hellenistic Economy

Hellenistic Religion, Philosophy, and Science

Religion in the Hellenistic World • Philosophy and Its Guidance for Life • Hellenistic Science and Medicine

Chapter Summary

MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


Primary Source Features

Analyze Visual Evidence The Acropolis of Athens

Compare Viewpoints Hellenistic and Chinese Spells

Individuals in Society Archimedes, Scientist and Inventor


The World of Rome

ca. 1000 b.c.e.–400 c.e.

The Romans in Italy

The Etruscans • The Founding of Rome • The Roman Conquest of Italy • The Roman State • Social Conflict in Rome

Roman Expansion and Its Repercussions

Overseas Conquests and the Punic Wars, 264–133 b.c.e. • New Influences and Old Values in Roman Culture • The Late Republic and the Rise of Augustus, 133–27 b.c.e. • The Successes of Augustus

Rome and the Provinces

Political and Military Changes in the Empire • Life in Imperial Rome • Prosperity and Problems in the Roman Provinces • Eastward Expansion and Contacts Between Rome and China

The Coming of Christianity

Factors Behind the Rise of Christianity • The Life and Teachings of Jesus • The Spread of Christianity • The Growing Acceptance and Evolution of Christianity

Turmoil and Reform

Political Measures • Economic Issues • The Acceptance of Christianity

Chapter Summary

MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


Primary Source Features

Analyze Written Evidence The Edict of Toleration and the Edict of Milan

Compare Viewpoints Roman and Chinese Officials Confront Natural Disasters

Individuals in Society Cleopatra, Ruler and Sex Symbol


East Asia and the Spread of Buddhism

221 b.c.e.–845 c.e.

The Age of Empire in China: The Qin and Han Dynasties

The Qin Unification, 221–206 b.c.e. • The Han Dynasty, 206 b.c.e.–220 c.e. • Han Intellectual and Cultural Life • Inner Asia and the Silk Road • Life in Han China • China and Rome • The Fall of the Han and the Age of Division

The Spread of Buddhism Out of India

Buddhism’s Path Through Central Asia • The Appeal and Impact of Buddhism in China

The Chinese Empire Re-created: The Sui and Tang Dynasties

The Sui Dynasty, 581–618 • The Tang Dynasty, 618–907 • Tang Culture

The East Asian Cultural Sphere

Vietnam • Korea • Japan

Chapter Summary

MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


Primary Source Features

Analyze Visual Evidence Horyuji Temple

Compare Viewpoints Coping with Epidemics in Japan and Byzantium

Individuals in Society The Ban Family, a Tale of Three Siblings


Continuity and Change in Europe and Western Asia


The Byzantine Empire

Sources of Byzantine Strength • The Sassanid Empire and Conflicts with Byzantium • Justinian’s Code of Law • Byzantine Learning and Science • Life in Constantinople

The Growth of the Christian Church

The Evolution of Church Leadership and Orthodoxy • The Western Church and the Eastern Church • Christian Monasticism

Christian Ideas and Practices

Christianity and Classical Culture • Saint Augustine on Sin, Grace, and Redemption • The Iconoclastic Controversy

Migrating Peoples

Movement Patterns • Economic and Social Structures • Tribes, Warriors, and Laws

Christian Missionaries and Conversion

Missionaries’ Actions • The Process of Conversion

Frankish Rulers and Their Territories

The Merovingians and Carolingians • The Warrior-Ruler Charlemagne

Chapter Summary

MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


Primary Source Features

Analyze Written Evidence The Capitulary de Villis

Compare Viewpoints Roman and Byzantine Views of Barbarians

Individuals in Society Theodora of Constantinople, Actress and Empress


The Islamic World


The Origins of Islam

Society and Culture in the Arabian Peninsula • Muhammad’s Rise as a Religious and Political Leader • The Teachings of Islam

The Expansion of Islam

Islam’s Spread Beyond Arabia • The Shi’a/Sunni Split and the Umayyad Caliphate • The Abbasid Caliphate • The Environmental Impact of Islamic Expansion

Fragmentation and Military Challenges, 900–1400

Breakaway Territories and Shi’a Gains • The Ascendancy of the Turks • The Mongol Invasions

Muslim Society

The Social Hierarchy • Slavery • Women in Islamic Society • Sexuality and Marriage

Cultural Developments

The Cultural Centers of Baghdad and Córdoba • Education • Cultural and Intellectual Life • The Mystical Tradition of Sufism

Trade and Cross-cultural Interactions

Trade and Commerce • Muslim-Christian Encounters

Chapter Summary

MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


Primary Source Features

Analyze Visual Evidence The Court of the Lions at the Alhambra

Compare Viewpoints The Muslim Conquest of Spain

Individuals in Society Ibn Battuta, World Traveler


African Societies and Kingdoms

1000 b.c.e.–1500 c.e.

The Land and Peoples of Africa

Early African Societies

Agriculture and Its Impact • Bantu Migrations • Life in the Kingdoms of the Western Sudan, ca. 1000 b.c.e.–800 c.e.

The Trans-Saharan Trade

The Berbers of North Africa • Effects of Trade on West African Society • The Spread of Islam in Africa

African Kingdoms and Empires, ca. 800–1500

The Kingdom of Ghana, ca. 900–1100 • The Kingdom of Mali, ca. 1200–1450 • Ethiopia: The Christian Kingdom of Aksum • The East African City-States • Southern Africa and Great Zimbabwe

Chapter Summary

MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


Primary Source Features

Analyze Written Evidence A Tenth-Century Muslim Traveler Describes Parts of the East African Coast

Compare Viewpoints Early Descriptions of the East African Coast

Individuals in Society King Ezana, Christian Ruler of Aksum


The Americas

To 1500 c.e.

Societies of the Americas in a Global Context

Trade and Technology • Settlement and Environment

Ancient Societies

Olmec Agriculture, Technology, and Religion • Hohokam, Hopewell, and Mississippian Societies • Climate Change and North American Societies • Kinship and Ancestors in the Andes

The Incas

The Inca Model of Empire • Inca Imperial Expansion • Imperial Needs and Obligations

The Maya and Teotihuacan

Maya Agriculture and Trade • Maya Science and Religion • Teotihuacan and the Toltecs

The Aztec Empire

The Mexica: From Vassals to Rulers • Life in the Aztec Empire • The Limits of the Aztec Empire

American Empires and the Encounter

The Last Day of the Aztecs • The Fall of the Incas

Chapter Summary

make Connections, look ahead


Primary Source Features

Analyze Visual Evidence The Maya Calendar

Compare Viewpoints Inca and Spanish Views on Religion, Authority, and Tribute

Individuals in Society Tlacaelel, Architect of Empire


States and Cultures in East Asia


The Medieval Chinese Economic Revolution, 800–1100

China During the Song, Liao, and Jin Dynasties, 960–1232

The Song Dynasty and its Northern Rivals • The Scholar-Officials and Neo-Confucianism • Women’s Lives in Song Times • Environmental Crises

Korea Under the Goryeo Dynasty, 935–1392

Japan’s Heian Period, 794–1185

Fujiwara Rule • Aristocratic Culture

The Samurai and the Kamakura Shogunate, 1185–1333

Military Rule • Cultural and Economic Trends

Chapter Summary

MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


Primary Source Features

Analyze Written Evidence Kamo no Chomei on Calamities Witnessed

Compare Viewpoints Painters of Uncanny Skill in China and Rome

Individuals in Society Shen Gua, Polymath


Cultural Exchange in Central and Southern Asia


Central Asian Nomads

Nomadic Society • The Turks • The Mongols

Chinggis Khan and the Mongol Empire

Chinggis Khan • Chinggis’s Successors • The Mongols as Rulers

East-West Communication During the Mongol Era

The Movement of Peoples • The Spread of Disease, Goods, and Ideas

India, Islam, and the Development of Regional Cultures, 300–1400

The Gupta Empire, ca. 320–480 • India’s Medieval Age and the First Encounter with Islam • The Delhi Sultanate • Life in Medieval India

Southeast Asia, the Pacific Islands, and the Growth of Maritime Trade

State Formation and Indian Influences • The Srivijayan Maritime Trade Empire • The Spread of Indian Culture in Comparative Perspective • The Settlement of the Pacific Islands

Chapter Summary

MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


Primary Source Features

Analyze Visual Evidence Bayan Relief at Angkor Thom

Compare Viewpoints The Mongols’ Adoption of Paper Money

Individuals in Society Bana, Romance Writer


Europe and Western Asia in the Middle Ages


Political Developments

Invasions and Migrations • "Feudalism" and Serfdom • The Restoration of Order • Law and Justice

The Christian Church

Papal Reforms • Monastic Life • Popular Religion • The Expansion of Western and Eastern Christianity

The Crusades

Background and Motives • The Course of the Crusades • Consequences of the Crusades

The Life of the People

The Life and Work of Peasants • The Life and Work of Nobles • Towns, Cities, and the Growth of Commercial Interests • The Expansion of Trade and the Commercial Revolution

Learning and Culture

Universities and Scholasticism • Cathedrals and a New Architectural Style • Vernacular Literature and Drama

Crises of the Later Middle Ages

The Little Ice Age and the Black Death • The Hundred Years’ War • Challenges to the Christian Church • Peasant and Urban Revolts

Chapter Summary

MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


Primary Source Features

Analyze Written Evidence Courtly Love Poetry

Compare Viewpoints Italian and English Views of the Plague

Individuals in Society Hildegard of Bingen, Abbess, Mystic, and Composer


Europe in the Renaissance and Reformation


Renaissance Culture

Wealth and Power in Renaissance Italy • The Rise of Humanism • Christian Humanism • Printing and Its Social Impact • Art and the Artist

Social Hierarchies

Race and Slavery • Wealth and the Nobility • Gender Roles

Politics and the State in the Renaissance

Warfare, Money, and Mining • France • England • Spain • The Habsburgs

The Protestant Reformation

Criticism of the Church • Martin Luther • Protestant Thought and Its Appeal • The Radical Reformation and the German Peasants’ War • Marriage and Women’s Roles • The Reformation and German Politics • England’s Shift Toward Protestantism • Calvinism and Its Moral Standards

The Catholic Reformation

Papal Reforms and the Council of Trent • New Religious Orders

Religious Violence

French Religious Wars • Civil Wars in the Netherlands • The Great European Witch-Hunt

Chapter Summary

MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


Primary Source Features

Analyze Visual Evidence Woodcuts from Agricola’s De re metallica

Compare Viewpoints Chinese and European Views on Proper Behavior

Individuals in Society Leonardo da Vinci, Artist, Inventor, Genius


The Acceleration of Global Contact


The Afro-Eurasian Trade World

The Trade World of the Indian Ocean • Peoples and Cultures of Southeast Asia • Muslim Influences and African Trade • Genoese and Venetian Middlemen

The European Voyages of Discovery

Causes of European Expansion • Technology and the Rise of Exploration • The Portuguese in Africa and Asia • Spain’s Voyages to the Americas • Spain "Discovers" the Pacific • Early Exploration by Northern European Powers

Conquest and Settlement

Spanish Conquest of the Aztec and Inca Empires • Portuguese Brazil • Colonial Administration • Economic Exploitation of the Indigenous Population • Patterns of Settlement

The Era of Global Contact

Population Loss and the Ecological Impacts of Contact • Sugar and Early Transatlantic Slavery • Spanish Silver and Its Economic Effects • The Birth of the Global Economy

Changing Attitudes and Beliefs

Religious Conversion • European Debates About Indigenous Peoples • New Ideas About Race

Chapter Summary

MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


Primary Source Features

Analyze Written Evidence Columbus Describes His First Voyage

Compare Viewpoints Aztec and Spanish Views on Christian Conversion in New Spain

Individuals in Society Catarina de San Juan, Former Slave and Popular Saint

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