Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Europe's Transition Economies

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Format: Paperback
Pub. Date: 2008-06-15
Publisher(s): World Bank
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The vast majority of the world's poorest households depend on farming for their livelihoods. During the 1960s and 1970s, most developing countries imposed pro-urban and anti-agricultural policies, while many high-income countries restricted agricultural imports and subsidized their farmers. Both sets of policies inhibited economic growth and poverty alleviation in developing countries. Although progress has been made over the past two decades to reduce those policy biases, many trade- and welfare-reducing price distortions remain between agriculture and other sectors and within the agricultural sector of both rich and poor countries.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
Contributorsp. xv
Abbreviations and Acronymsp. xvii
Introductionp. 1
Introduction and Summaryp. 3
Eastern Europep. 51
New EU Member Countriesp. 53
Turkeyp. 91
Commonwealth of Independent Statesp. 133
The Russian Federationp. 135
Ukrainep. 175
Kazakhstanp. 219
The Kyrgyz Republicp. 265
Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistanp. 297
Methodology for Measuring Distortions to Agricultural Incentivesp. 339
Indexp. 369
NRAs to Agriculture in the Region, 1992 to 2005p. 18
NRAs to Agriculture, by Country, 2000-03p. 20
NRAs in the Region, by Product, 1992-95 and 2000-03p. 25
Applied Weighted Average Tariffs, Central and Eastern Europe, 2001-03p. 30
RRAs to Agriculture in the Region, 1992-95 and 2000-03p. 33
Net Agricultural Exports as a Share of Agricultural and Food Exports and Imports in the Region, 1996 to 2004p. 34
Changes in Crop and Livestock Output, EU-10, 1989 to 2000p. 58
Changes in Sectoral Output, EU-10, 1990 to 2001p. 59
Agricultural Trade, EU-10, 1989 to 2004p. 63
NRAs for Exportable, Import-Competing, and All Agricultural Industries, EU-10, 1992 to 2003p. 66
NRA in Agriculture, EU-10, 2000p. 67
NRAs for Various Agricultural Products, EU-10, 2000p. 67
NRAs in Agricultural and Nonagricultural Tradable Sectors and RRAs, EU-10, 1992 to 2003p. 70
Agricultural Trade, Turkey, 1961 to 2005p. 95
Agricultural PSEs, Turkey, 1986 to 2005p. 110
NRAs for Exportable, Import-Competing, and Total Agriculture, Turkey, 1961 to 2005p. 115
RRA in Primary Agriculture, Turkey, 1961 to 2005p. 119
NRAs Including and Excluding Product-Specific and Non-Product-Specific Support, Turkey, 1986-2005p. 120
Producer NRAs and CTEs, Soviet Union, 1986p. 139
Changes in Output during Transition, Russia, 1990 to 2004p. 143
NRAs, Agricultural Importables, and Exportables, Russia, 1992 to 2005p. 147
Decomposition of the Nominal Assistance to Agricultural Producers, Russia, 1992 to 2005p. 149
Agricultural Price Gaps and Tariffs, Russia, 1992 to 2003p. 151
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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