Disputed Moral Issues A Readerby Timmons, Mark
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Mark Timmons is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Arizona. He is the author of Moral Theory: An Introduction, Second Edition (2012), and editor of Conduct and Character: Readings in Moral Theory, Sixth Edition (2011), and the annually published Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics. A collection of his essays on Kant's moral theory, Significance and System in Kant's Ethics: Selected Essays (2017), is published by Oxford University Press.
Table of Contents
Chapters 3-15 open with an Introduction and end with Additional Resources.
*=New to this Edition
Quick Guide to Moral Theories
1. A MORAL THEORY PRIMER
1. What Is a Moral Theory?
2. Seven Essential Moral Theories
B. Natural Law Theory
C. Kantian Moral Theory
D. Rights-Based Moral Theory
E. Virtue Ethics
F. Ethics of Prima Facie Duty
G. Social Contract Theory
3. Coping with Many Moral Theories
2. MORAL THEORY SELECTIONS
* J. S. Mill, Utilitarianism
St. Thomas Aquinas, Treatise on Law
Immanuel Kant, The Moral Law
John Locke, Natural Rights
Aristotle, Virtue and Character
W. D. Ross, What Makes Right Actions Right?
John Rawls, A Theory of Justice
3. SEXUAL MORALITY
Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of Faith, Approved by Pope Paul VI, Vatican Declaration on Some Questions of Sexual Ethics
* John Corvino, from What's Wrong with Homosexuality?
Thomas A. Mappes, A Liberal View of Sexual Morality and the Concept of Using Another Person
Raja Halwani, Virtue Ethics and Adultery
4. PORNOGRAPHY, HATE SPEECH, AND CENSORSHIP
The Attorney General's Commission on Pornography, Pornography and Harm
Nadine Strossen, Why Censoring Pornography Would Not Reduce Discrimination or Violence against Women
* Susan Dwyer, Enter Here--At Your Own Risk: The Moral Dangers of Cyberporn
John Arthur, Sticks and Stones
* Andrew Altman, Speech Codes and Expressive Harm
5. DRUGS AND ADDICTION
David Boaz, Drug-Free America or Free America?
Peter de Marneffe, Decriminalize, Don't Legalize
Robert E. Goodin, Permissible Paternalism: Saving Smokers from Themselves
Daniel Shapiro, Addiction and Drug Policy
6. SEXISM, RACISM, AND REPARATION
* Ann E. Cudd and Leslie E. Jones, Sexism
J. L. A. Garcia, The Heart of Racism
Tommie Shelby, Is Racism in the Heart?
Louis P. Pojman, Why Affirmative Action Is Immoral
Thomas E. Hill, Jr., The Message of Affirmative Action
7. THE ETHICS OF IMMIGRATION
Stephen Macedo, The Moral Dilemma of U. S. Immigration Policy: Open Borders versus Social Justice
Joseph H. Carens, Migration and Morality: A Liberal Egalitarian Perspective
Christopher Heath Wellman, Immigration and Freedom of Association
Sarah Fine, Freedom of Association Is Not the Answer
8. EUTHANASIA AND PHYSICIAN-ASSISTED SUICIDE
James Rachels, Active and Passive Euthanasia
Philippa Foot, Killing and Letting Die
Daniel Callahan, A Case against Euthanasia
Michael B. Gill, A Moral Defense of Oregon's Physician-Assisted Suicide Law
* David Velleman, Against the Right to Die
9. THE ETHICAL TREATMENT OF ANIMALS
* Peter Singer, All Animals are Equal
Carl Cohen, Do Animals Have Rights?
* Peter Carruthers, Against the Moral Standing of Animals
* Alastair Norcross, Puppies, Pigs, and People: Eating Meat and Marginal Cases
Mary Ann Warren, On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion
Judith Jarvis Thomson, A Defense of Abortion
Patrick Lee and Robert P. George, The Wrong of Abortion
Rosalind Hursthouse, Virtue Theory and Abortion
Don Marquis, Why Abortion Is Immoral
L. W. Sumner, A Moderate View
11. CLONING AND GENETIC ENHANCEMENT
Leon R. Kass, Preventing Brave New World
Gregory E. Pence, Will Cloning Harm People?
Michael J. Sandel, The Case against Perfection
Frances M. Kamm, Is There a Problem With Enhancement?
Peter Singer, Parental Choice and Human Improvement
12. THE DEATH PENALTY
Stephen Nathanson, An Eye for an Eye?
Ernest van den Haag, A Defense of the Death Penalty
Jeffrey H. Reiman, Civilization, Safety, and Deterrence
James S. Liebman, Jeffrey Fagan, Valerie West, and Jonathan Lloyd, Capital Attrition: Error Rates in Capital Cases, 1973-1995
13. WAR, TERRORISM, AND TORTURE
David Rodin, The Problem with Prevention
Walter Sinnott-Armstong, Preventive War--What Is It Good For?
Michael Walzer, Terrorism: A Critique of Excuses
Andrew Valls, Can Terrorism Be Justified?
Alan M. Dershowitz, Should the Ticking Bomb Terrorist Be Tortured?
Marcia Baron, The Ticking Bomb Hypothetical
14. WORLD HUNGER AND POVERTY
Garrett Hardin, Lifeboat Ethics
Peter Singer, The Life You Can Save
John Arthur, World Hunger and Moral Obligation
Amartya Sen, Property and Hunger
Onora O'Neill, A Kantian Approach to World Hunger
15. THE ENVIRONMENT, CONSUMPTION, AND CLIMATE CHANGE
William F. Baxter, People or Penguins: The Case for Optimal Pollution
Aldo Leopold, The Land Ethic
Thomas E. Hill, Jr., Ideals of Human Excellence and Preserving the Natural Environment
* Stephen M. Gardiner, A Perfect Moral Storm: Climate Change, Intergenerational Ethics, and the Problem of Moral Corruption
Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, It's Not My Fault: Global Warming and Individual Moral Obligations
Bjørn Lomborg, Let's Keep Our Cool about Global Warming
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