American Horizons U.S. History in a Global Context, Volume II: Since 1865, with Sources

by ; ; ; ; ; ;
Edition: 2nd
Format: Paperback
Pub. Date: 2014-12-23
Publisher(s): Oxford University Press
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American Horizons, Second Edition, is the only U.S. History survey text that presents the traditional narrative in a global context. The authors use the frequent movement of people, goods, and ideas into, out of, and within America's borders as a framework. This unique approach provides a fully integrated global perspective that seamlessly contextualizes American events within the wider world. The authors, all acclaimed scholars in their specialties, use their individual strengths to provide students with a balanced and inclusive account of U.S. history.

Presented in two volumes for maximum flexibility, American Horizons, Second Edition, illustrates the relevance of U.S. history to American students by centering on the matrix of issues that dominate their lives. These touchstone themes include population movements and growth, the evolving definition of citizenship, cultural change and continuity, people's relationship to and impact upon the environment, political and ideological contests and their consequences, and Americans' five centuries of engagement with regional, national, and global institutions, forces, and events. In addition, this beautifully designed, full-color book features hundreds of photos and images and more than 100 maps.

Author Biography

Michael Schaller, University of Arizona
Robert Schulzinger, University of Colorado Boulder
John Bezís-Selfa, Wheaton College
Janette Thomas Greenwood, Clark University
Andrew Kirk, University of Nevada Las Vegas
Sarah J. Purcell, Grinnell College
Aaron Sheehan-Dean, Louisiana State University

Table of Contents

About the Authors

Chapter 1: North America Encounters the Atlantic World, Prehistory-1565

North America to 1500
The Three Waves of Migration
Farmers, Hunters, and Gatherers
The Rise and Decline of Urban Indian North America
Indian North America in the Century before Contact
Making an Atlantic World, 1400-1513
Western Europe in the 15th Century
Iberians, Africans, and the Creation of an Eastern Atlantic World
Columbus and the First Encounter
The Atlantic World Invades the Caribbean
The Atlantic World Enters North America, 1513-1565
The Fall of the Mexica
Invasions of North America and the Rise of Imperial Competition
Religious Reformation, Imperial Rivalries, and Piracy
The Founding of Florida
Global Passages: Cod

with Sources
U.S. History in Context: Primary Sources
1.1. Acoma, Excerpts from "The Emergence of the Acoma into the Upper World" (1930 and Undated Oral Traditions)
1.2. Fernando and Juana, Monarchs of Castile and Aragon (Spain), Excerpts from "Instructions Given by the Monarchs to Rodrigo de Alburquerque and to Licentiate Ibarra to be Carried Out During the General Distribution of the Indians in the Island of Hispaniola" (1513)
1.3. Pedro Menéndez de Áviles, Memorandum to Philip II, King of Spain (1565)
1.4. Visual Document: Texas Fragment, "Arrival of Cortés and Malintzín in Atlihuetzyan" (1530s or 1540s)

Chapter 2: Colonists on the Margins, 1565-1640

Conquest Begins and Trade Expands, 1565-1607
Spain Stakes Claim to Florida
New Spain into the Southwest
England Enters Eastern North America
Imports and a Changing Indian Northeast
European Islands in an Algonquian Ocean, 1607-1625
Tsenacommacah and Virginia
New France, New Netherland, New Indian Northeast
Pilgrims and Algonquians
Seeking God, Seizing Land, Reaping Conflict, 1625-1640
Missionaries and Indians in New France and New Mexico
Migration and the Expansion of Dutch and English North America
Dissent in the City upon a Hill
Colonist-Algonquian Wars
Global Passages: Angela's Ordeal, the Atlantic Slave Trade, and the Creation of African North American Cultures

with Sources
U.S. History in Context: Primary Sources
2.1. Fray Alonso de Benavides, Excerpts from "Petition to Restrict Indian Tribute and Personal Service" (c. 1630)
2.2. William Simmonds, Excerpts from The Proceedings of the English Colonie in Virginia (1612)
2.3. John Winthrop, Excerpts from "A Modell of Christian Charity" (1630)
2.4. Visual Document: Simon Van de Passe and Compton Holland, Portrait of Pocahontas (1616)

Chapter 3: Forging Tighter Bonds, 1640-1700

Uncivil Wars, 1640-1660
Smallpox and War Plague the Great Lakes
English Civil Wars and the Remaking of English America
Planters and Slaves of the Caribbean
Church and Indians in the Southeast and Southwest
New Imperial Orders, 1660-1680
The English Colonial Empire and the Conquest of New Netherland
Quebec and the Expansion of French America
Chesapeake Servitude, Mainland Slavery
The Creation of South Carolina
Metacom and the Algonquian Battle for New England
Victorious Pueblos, a New Mid-Atlantic, and "Glorious" Revolutions, 1680-1700
The Pueblo War for Independence
Royal Charters for New Jersey and Pennsylvania
English North America's "Glorious" Revolutions
North America's Hundred Years' War Begins
Global Passages: Global Catholicism, Indian Christianity, and Catherine/Kateri Tekakwitha

with Sources
U.S. History in Context: Primary Sources
3.1."The Trappan'd Maiden" (c. 1600s)
3.2. Committee of the Massachusetts Bay General Court, "A Memorandum of Indian Children Put Forth into Service to the English" (1676)
3.3. Germantown Quaker Meeting, "Reasons Why We are Against the Traffic of Men-Body" (1688)
3.4. Visual Document: Richard Ford, A New Map of the Island of Barbadoes (1674)

Chapter 4: Accelerating the Pace of Change, c. 1690-1730

Turmoil in Indian North America
Horses and Violence on the Northern Plains
Spanish Missions in Texas
Indians, the French, and the Making of Louisiana
Slaving Raids, Expansion, and War in the Carolinas
Iroquois, Hegemony and Concessions in the Northeast
Migration, Religion, and Empires
The Africanization of North America
The "Naturalization" of Slavery and Racism
European Immigrants and Imperial Expansion
Pietism and Atlantic Protestantism
Imperial Authority and Colonial Resistance
Laying Foundations in British North America
An Industrious Revolution
A Creole Elite Pursues Gentility
The Anglo-Atlantic's Communications Revolution
Global Passages: New York, Madagascar, and Indian Ocean Piracy

with Sources
U.S. History in Context: Primary Sources
4.1. Excerpts from Saukamappee's Account of the Advent of Horses and Guns to the Blackfeet, as told to David Thompson (1787-1788)
4.2. Superior Council of Louisiana, Excerpts from Debates on Whether to Intervene in a Choctaw-Chickasaw War (1723)
4.3. Boston News-Letter, Editorial Favoring Indentured Servitude over Slavery (1706)
4.4. Reverend James Mcgregor, Petition to Samuel Shute, Governor of Massachusetts and New Hampshire (1720)

Chapter 5: Battling for Souls, Minds, and the Heart of North America, 1730-1763

Immigrants and Indians
The Arrival of Immigrants in Chains
The Impact of Irish and German Immigrants
Indian Displacement and the Rise of the Sioux, Osage, and Comanche
Slave Resistance and the Creation of Georgia
Minds, Souls, and Wallets
North Americans Engage the Enlightenment
Becoming a Consumer Society
Revivals and the Rise of Evangelical Christianity
African, African American and Indian Awakenings
The French and Indian War, 1754-1763
The Struggle for the Ohio Valley
War in North America and Europe
Britain Gains Control of Eastern North America
Global Passages: The Birth of Methodism

with Sources
U.S. History in Context: Primary Sources
5.1. Future Residents of Gracia Real de Mose, Florida, Letter to Philip V, King of Spain (1738)
5.2. Canassatego (Onondaga), Excerpts from His Response to a Delaware Complaint Concerning the Walking Purchase (1742)
5.3. Benjamin Franklin, Excerpts from "Observations on the Increase of Mankind" (1751)
5.4. Diary of Hannah Heaton, Excerpts from Her Recollections of the Great Awakening (1750s)

Chapter 6: Empire and Resistance, 1763-1776

English and Spanish Imperial Reform
Transatlantic Trade as Engine of Conflict
Grenville's Program
Pontiac's Rebellion
Bourbon Reforms
The Enlightenment and Colonial Identity
Stamp Act and Resistance
Parliamentary Action
Protest and Repeal
Empire and Authority
Consumer Resistance
Townshend Duties
The Non-Importation Movement
Men and Women: Tea and Politics
The Boston Massacre
Resistance Becomes Revolution
Boston Tea Party and Coercive Acts
Empire, Control, and the Language of Slavery
War Begins
Declaring Independence
The World's First Declaration of Independence
Spanish Imperial Consolidation
Ideology and Resistance
Taking Stock of Empire
Global Passages: Independence: Transatlantic Roots, Global Influence

with Sources
U.S. History in Context: Primary Sources6.1. Charles III, King of Spain, Appointment of José de Gálvez as Visitor General to New Spain (1765)
6.2. Thomas Hutchinson, Excerpts from Letters to Great Britain Describing Popular Unrest (1768, 1769)
6.3. John Dickinson, "The Liberty Song" (1768)
6.4. Abigail Adams, Excerpts from Letters to John Adams about the Battle of Bunker Hill and Conditions in Boston (1775)

Chapter 7: A Revolutionary Nation, 1776-1789

The Revolution Takes Root
Ideology and Transatlantic Politics
Trying Times: War Continues
Alliance with France
The Structure of Authority
State Governments
Articles of Confederation
Military Organization
Diplomacy and International Finance
Securing Independence
War at Sea
War in the South
Loyalists: Resistance and Migration
Indian Warfare
African Americans at War
Peace and Shifting Empires
Restructuring Political and Social Authority
Power in the States
Economic Change
Women and Revolution
Racial Ideology and Questioning Slavery
A Federal Nation
Debt and Discontent
Constitutional Convention
Global Passages: International Officers in the American Revolutionary Military

with Sources
U.S. History in Context: Primary Sources
7.1. Visual Document: Pierre le Beau, Portrait of Benjamin Franklin (1780s)
7.2. Diary of Surgeon Albigence Waldo, Excerpts describing the Continental Army's Encampment at Valley Forge (1777)
7.3. Boston King, Excerpts from "Memoirs of the Life of Boston King: a Black Preacher" (1798)
7.4. James Madison, Excerpts from "Federalist No. 51" (1788)

Chapter 8: A New Nation Facing a Revolutionary World, 1789-1815

The United States in the Age of the French Revolution
The New Nation and the New Revolution
The Rise of Party Tensions
Neutrality and Jay's Treaty
The Popular Politics of Rebellion
Indian Warfare and European Power
Party Conflict Intensifies
Adams in Power
Quasi-War with France
Alien and Sedition Acts
Slave Rebellions: Saint Domingue and Virginia
The "Revolution" of 1800 and the Revolution of 1804
Jefferson Elected
Democracy: Limits and Conflicts
Haitian Revolution
The Louisiana Purchase
Trade, Conflict, Warfare
Transatlantic and Caribbean Trade
Mediterranean Trade: Barbary Wars
Western Discontents
European Wars and Commercial Sanctions
The War of 1812
War Declared
U.S. Offensives in Canada
Tecumseh and Pan-Indian Resistance
Naval War
British Offensive
The War Ends
Global Passages: Revolutionary Migrations

with Sources
U.S. History in Context: Primary Sources
8.1. Greenleaf's New York Journal, Anonymous Letters Reporting on Crowd Protests against the Jay Treaty in Philadelphia (1795)
8.2. Visual Document: Anonymous Cartoonist, The Providential Detection (c. 1797-1800)
8.3. James Bayard, Excerpts from a Letter to Alexander Hamilton Describing His Dilemma in the Disputed Presidential Election of 1800 (January 7, 1801)
8.4. James Mather and William Claiborne, Excerpts from Letters regarding Caribbean Migrants in New Orleans (1809)

Chapter 9: American Peoples on the Move, 1789-1824

Exploration and Encounter
Lewis and Clark Expedition
Zebulon Pike
Plains Indian Peoples
Astor and the Fur Trade
Asian Trade
Shifting Borders
Jeffersonian Agrarianism
Northwest, Southwest, and New States
The Missouri Compromise
African-American Migration and Colonization
Spanish Expansion in California
Social and Cultural Shifts
Indian Acculturation
Gender in Early Republican Society
Literature and Popular Culture
African-American Culture: Slaves and Free People
Roots of the Second Great Awakening
Financial Expansion
Banks and Panics
Corporations and the Supreme Court
Politics and Hemispheric Change
First Seminole War
Transcontinental (Adams Onís) Treaty
The United States and Latin American Revolutions
The Monroe Doctrine
Global Passages: Francisco de Miranda, the U.S., and Latin American Independence

with Sources
U.S. History in Context: Primary Sources
9.1. Eli Whitney and Thomas Jefferson, Letters on the Patenting of the Cotton Gin (1793)
9.2. Journal of Benjamin Carpenter, Reflections on the India Trade (1790)
9.3. Susannah Rowson, Preface to Charlotte Temple (1794)
9.4. Anne Royall, Excerpts from Letters from Alabama (1818)

Chapter 10: Market Revolutions and the Rise of Democracy, 1789-1832

The Market System
Internal and External Markets
Technology: Domestic Invention and Global Appropriation
Water and Steam Power
Transportation and Communication
Markets and Social Relationships
Manufacturing and the Factory System
Slavery and Markets
Urban and Rural Life
Democracy and the Public Sphere
Voting and Politics
Election of 1824
John Quincy Adams
Andrew Jackson, "The People," and the Election of 1828
Jackson and the Veto
Economic Opportunity and Territorial Expansion
Texas Colonization
Santa Fe Trail
The Black Hawk War
Expanding Markets
The Legal Structures of Capitalism
The Inland Empire
The Industrial Revolution
Global Passages: Whaling

with Sources
U.S. History in Context: Primary Sources
10.1. Editor of The Eastern Argus, Excerpts from Coverage of Fourth of July Celebrations in Portland, Maine (July 9, 1830)
10.2. William Sampson, Excerpts from People v. Melvin in Defense of the New York Journeymen Shoemakers (1809)
10.3. Basil Hall, Excerpts from Travels in North America in the Years 1827 and 1828 (1829)
10.4. Andrew Jackson, Veto of the Bank of the United States (July 10, 1832)

Chapter 11: New Boundaries, New Roles, 1820-1856

An Expanding Nation
Andrew Jackson and the Trail of Tears
Re-Peopling the West
Latin American Filibustering and the Texas Independence Movement
Pacific Explorations
The New Challenge of Labor
White Workers, Unions, and Class Consciousness
Foreign-born Workers
The New Middle Class
The Expansion of Slavery and Slaves as Workers
Men and Women in Antebellum America
Gender and Economic Change
Ladies, Women, and Working Girls
Masculinity on the Trail, in the Cities, and on the Farm
Freedom for Some
The Nature of Democracy in the Atlantic World
The Second Party System
Democracy in the South
Conflicts over Slavery
Global Passages: Middlemen Abroad

with Sources
U.S. History in Context: Primary Sources
11.1. John Ross, Excerpts from "Memorial and Protest of the Cherokee Nation" (June 21, 1836)
11.2. The Phalanx, Excerpts from "The Strike for Wages" (November 4, 1843) and "The Ten Hour System" (May 18, 1844)
11.3. Visual Document: Fan with View of Foreign Factories at Canton (1790-1800)
11.4. Amy Melenda Galusha, letter to Aaron Leland Galusha (April 3, 1849)

Chapter 12: Religion and Reform, 1820-1850

The Second Great Awakening
Spreading the Word
Building a Christian Nation
Interpreting the Message
Northern Reform
The Temperance Crusade
The Rising Power of American Abolition
Women's Rights
Making a Moral Society
Southern Reform
Sin, Salvation, and Honor
Pro-Slavery Reform
Nat Turner and Afro-Christianity
Southern Anti-slavery Reformers
Challenges to the Spirit of the Age
Emerson, Thoreau, and the American Soul
The First Mass Culture
The American Renaissance
Politics as Gospel
Global Passages: Celebrating the Black Atlantic

with Sources
U.S. History in Context: Primary Sources
12.1. Margaret Fuller, "Undaunted Rome," Excerpt from a Letter to Her Brother, K. F. Fuller (1849)
12.2. Charles G. Finney, Excerpts from "What a Revival of Religion Is" (1835)
12.3. Elizabeth Cady Stanton, "Declaration of Sentiments" (1848)
12.4. Visual Document: Woodcut, "A Horrid Massacre" (1831)

Chapter 13: A House Dividing, 1844-1860

The Expansion of America
The American Invasion and Conquest of Mexico
The Emergence of the New American WestConestogas, Commanches, and Californios
Contested Citizenship
The Patterns of Migration
New Immigrants and the Invention of Americanism
The Know-Nothing Movement
Slavery and Antebellum Life
The Paradox of Slavery and Modernity
The West Indies, Brazil, and the Future of Slavery
Inside the Quarter
The Creation of African America
The Rise of the Republicans
Free Soil and Free Labor
The Politics of Slave Catching
Western Expansion and the Kansas-Nebraska Act
Rising Sectionalism
Global Passages: Global Gold

with Sources
U.S. History in Context: Primary Sources
13.1. Visual Document: Carl Nebel, Genl. Scott's Entrance into Mexico City (1847)
13.2. Governor James Henry Hammond, Excerpts from a Letter to Thomas Clarkson (1845)
13.3. Republican Party Platform (1856)
13.4. Victor Hugo, Excerpts from a Letter to the London News Regarding John Brown (December 2, 1859)

Chapter 14: The Civil War, 1860-1865

Secession, 1860-1861
The Secession of the Lower South
Fort Sumter and the Secession of the Upper South
Mobilization for War
From the Ballot to the Bullet
War in Earnest, 1862-1863
The North Advances
Stalemate in the East
Southern and Northern Home Fronts
A New Birth of Freedom
Slaves Take Flight
From Confiscation to Emancipation
Government Centralization in Wartime
The Hard War, 1863-1864
Invasion and Occupation
Black Soldiers, Black Flags
The Campaigns of Grant and Sherman
Victory and Defeat, 1865
American Nationalism, Southern Nationalism
The New Challenge of Race
Environmental and Economic Scars of War
The Last Best Hope of Man?
Global Passages: Learning From the War

with Sources
U.S. History in Context: Primary Sources
14.1. Corporal Wilbur Fisk, Excerpts from Letters to the Green Mountain Freeman (May 20, 1862, and April 7, 1864)
14.2. Kate Stone, Excerpts from Journal (April 21, 1863)
14.3. Spotswood Rice, Letters Written from Hospital (September 3, 1864)
14.4. Visual Document: Albany Evening Journal, "General Lee and His Army Have Surrendered" (April 10, 1865)

[Volume II: Since 1865 begins]

Chapter 15 :Reconstructing America, 1865-1877

The Year of Jubilee, 1865
African American Families
Southern Whites and the Problem of Defeat
Emancipation in Comparative Perspective
Shaping Reconstruction, 1865-1868
Andrew Johnson's Reconstruction
The Fight over Reconstruction
The Civil War Amendments and American Citizenship
Congressional Reconstruction
Reconstruction in the South, 1866-1876
African American Life in the Postwar South
Republican Governments in the Postwar South
Cotton, Merchants, and the Lien
The End of Reconstruction, 1877
The Ku Klux Klan and Reconstruction Violence
Northern Weariness and Northern Conservatism
Legacies of Reconstruction
Global Passages: Irish-Americans and the Fenian Struggle

with Sources
U.S. History in Context: Primary Sources
15.1. Jourdon Anderson, Letter to P. H. Anderson (August 7, 1865)
15.2. Visual Document: Thomas Nast, Andrew Johnson's Reconstruction in Harper's Weekly (September 1, 1866)
15.3. José Inácio Barros Cobra, Excerpts from "Slave Property is as Sacred as Any Other" (July 21, 1871)
15.4. Ku Klux Klan, Letter to Mrs. I. A. Baldwin (1868)

[Volume I: To 1877 ends]

Chapter 16: Forging a Transcontinental Nation, 1877-1900

Meeting Ground of Many Peoples
Changing Patterns of Migration
Mexican Borders
Chinese Exclusion
Mapping the West
The Federal Frontier
Promotion and Memory
The Culture of Collective Violence
Extractive Economies and Global Commodities
Mining and Labor
Business Travelers
Railroads, Time, and Space
Industrial Ranching
Corporate Cowboys
Clearing the Land and Cleansing the Wilderness
Conflict and Resistance
Education for Assimilation
The Destruction of the Buffalo
The Dawes Act and Survival
Tourism, Parks, and Forests
Global Passages: Settler Societies and Indigenous Peoples

with Sources
U.S. History in Context: Primary Sources
16.1. Frederick Jackson Turner, Excerpts from the "Turner Thesis" (July 12, 1893)
16.2. John Wesley Powell, Excerpts from Report on the Lands of the Arid Region (1879)
16.3. Southern Workman and Hampton School Record and Edna Dean Proctor, "Columbia's Roll Call" (June 1892) and "The Indians' Appeal" (January 1892)
16.4. Frank H. Mayer with Charles B. Roth, "The Buffalo Harvest"

Chapter 17: A New Industrial and Labor Order, 1877-1900

Global Webs of Industrial Capitalism
The New Industrial Order
U.S. Industrial Growth in Global Context
Combinations and Concentrations of Wealth
Markets and Consumerism
Work and the Workplace
Global Migrations
Blue Collar and White Collar Workers
Regimentation and Scientific Management
Working Conditions and Wages
Economic Convulsions and Hard Times
Women and Children in the Workplace
Workers Fight Back
The Great Railroad Strike of 1877
Organizing Strategies and Labor Violence
The Farmers Organize
The Labor Movement in Global Context
The New Industrial Order: Defense and Dissent
Defending the New Order
Critiquing the New Order
Global Passage: Titled Americans

with Sources
U.S. History in Context: Primary Sources
17.1. Visual Document: Singer Sewing Machine Advertisement (c. 1890)
17.2. Emma E. Brown, Excerpts from "Children's Labor: A Problem" (December 1880)
17.3. John Brophy, Excerpts from A Miner's Life (1964)
17.4. Two Views of the Homestead Lockout: Excerpts from The Manufacturer and Builder (August 1892) and New England Magazine (September 1892)

Chapter 18: Cities, Immigrants, Culture, and Politics, 1877-1900
The Growth of Cities
The Peopling of American Cities
Types of Cities
Cities Transformed and "Sorted Out"
Global Migrations
A Worldwide Migration
"America Fever" and the "New" Immigration
The "Immigrant Problem"
The Round-Trip to America
Streets Paved with Gold?
Surviving in "The Land of Bosses and Clocks"
Creating Community
Becoming American
The Promise and Peril of City Life
A World of Opportunity
A World of Crises
Tackling Urban Problems
City Missions and Charity Organizations
The Settlement House Movement
Creating Healthy Urban Environments
Challenges to the Politics of Stalemate
Key Issues
Ethnicity, Gender, and Political Culture
The Populist Challenge
The Election of 1896
Global Passage: Immigrants Who Returned

with Sources
U.S. History in Context: Primary Sources
18.1. Wiktorya and Antoni Osinski, Excerpts from Letters from Poland to Children Who Migrated to the United States (1902-1908)
18.2. Visual Document: F. Victor Gillam, The Inevitable Result to the American Workingman of Indiscriminate Immigration, in Judge (December 24, 1892)
18.3. Dillingham Commission, Excerpt from Reports of the Immigration Commission: Emigration Conditions in Europe (1911)
18.4. Visual Document: Thomas Nast, The Chinese Question, in Harper's Weekly (February 18, 1871)

Chapter 19: The United States Expands Its Reach, 1892-1912

The New Imperialism
A Global Grab for Colonies
Race, Empire, Bibles, and Businessmen
Precedent for American Empire
The Crises of the 1890s
The United States Flexes Its Muscles
Latin America
The Cuban Crisis
"A Splendid Little War"
The Complications of Empire
Cuba and Puerto Rico
The Philippines
The Debate over Empire
The American-Philippine War
The United States on the World Stage: Roosevelt and Taft
Roosevelt's "Big Stick"
Taft's Dollar Diplomacy
Global Passages: African Americans and International Affairs, 1898-1912

with Sources
U.S. History in Context: Primary Sources
19.1. Mary Elizabeth Lame, "Awake United States" Sheet Music and Lyrics (1898)
19.2. Excerpts from Andrew Carnegie, "Distant Possessions" (August 1898) and Albert Beveridge, "The March of the Flag" (September 16, 1898)
19.3. Richmond Planet and Wisconsin Weekly Advocate, Excerpts from Letters from African American Soldiers in the Philippines (1899-1900)

Chapter 20: An Age of Progressive Reform, 1890-1920

Progressivism as a Global Movement
Nodes of Progressivism
The Global Exchange of Progressive Ideas
Urban Reform
The "Good Government" Movement
The Housing Dilemma
Municipal Housekeeping
Segregation and the Racial Limits of Reform
Progressivism at the State and National Levels
Electoral Reforms
Mediating the Labor Problem
Regulating Business: Trust Busting and Consumer Protection
Conservation v. Preservation of Nature
Progressivism and World War I
A Progressive War?
Uniting and Disuniting the Nation
Votes for Women
Progressivism in International Context
Global Passage: Helen Keller: "I Do Not Like This World as It Is"

with Sources
U.S. History in Context: Primary Sources
20.1. Congressman George H. White, Excerpts from Farewell Address to Congress (January 29, 1901)
20.2. Visual Document: Progressive "Bull Moose" Party Campaign Poster (1912)
20.3. Helen Keller, Excerpts from "Strike Against War" (January 5, 1916)
20.4. Jane Addams, Excerpts from "Women and Internationalism" (1915)

Chapter 21: America and the Great War, 1914-1920

The Shock of War
The Colonial Origins of the Conflict
A War of Attrition
America's Response to War
The U.S. Path to War, 1914-1917
National Security and the Push Toward Americanization
Social Reform, the Election of 1916, and Challenges to Neutrality
Intervention in Latin America
Decision for War
America at War
Mobilizing People and Ideas
Controlling Dissent
Mobilizing the Economy
Women Suffragists
The Great Migration
Over There
Building an Army
Joining the Fight
Political and Military Complications
Influenza Pandemic
Making Peace Abroad and at Home
Making Peace and Fighting Communism
Red Scare
The Fight for the Treaty
Global Passages: Post-War Colonialism

with Sources
U.S. History in Context: Primary Sources
21.1. Visual Documents: Propaganda Posters (1914-1918)
21.2. Committee on Public Information, "General Suggestions to Speakers" (May 22, 1917) and "Speech by a Four Minute Man" (October 8, 1917)
21.3. U.S. Army, Intelligence Test, Alpha (1921)
21.4. Theodore Roosevelt, "The Hun Within Our Gates" (1917)
21.5. Ho Chi Minh (Nguyen Ai Quoc), Petition to Woodrow Wilson (1919)

Chapter 22: A New Era, 1920-1930

A New Economy for a New Era
Wireless America
Car Culture
Advertising for Mass Consumption
Ethnic and Racial Divides
Immigration Restriction
The Ku Klux Klan
African American Renaissance and Repression
Black International Movements
A National Culture: At Home and Abroad
Popular Entertainment: Movies, Sports, and Celebrity
The New Skepticism
The New Woman of the 1920s
Religion and Society
Post World War I Politics and Foreign Policy
Government and Business in the 1920s
Coolidge Prosperity
The Election of 1928
Independent Internationalism in the 1920s
The United States and Instability in the Western Hemisphere
The Crash
The End of the Boom
The Great Depression
Global Passages: Fordlandia: Small Town America in the Amazon

with Sources
U.S. History in Context: Primary Sources
22.1. Henry Ford, Excerpts from My Life and Work (1922)
22.2. Ellison Durant Smith, Excerpts from "'Shut the Door': A Senator Speaks for Immigration Restriction" (April 9, 1924)
22.3. Ku Klux Klan, Excerpts from the Klan Manual (1925)
22.4. Visual Document: Flesh and the Devil Movie Poster (1926)

Chapter 23: A New Deal for Americans, 1931-1939

The New Deal
From Prosperity to Global Depression
Spiral of Decline, 1931-1933
Suffering in the Land
The Failure of the Old Deal
The Coming of the New Deal
Reconstructing Capitalism
The Hundred Days
Voices of Protest
The Second New Deal
Social Security
Labor Activism
The 1936 Election
Society, Law, and Culture in the 1930s
Popular Entertainment
Women and the New Deal
A New Deal for Blacks
Hispanics and the New Deal
The Indian New Deal
Nature's New Deal
The Twilight of Reform
The New Deal and Judicial Change
Political Setbacks
Global Passages: European Refugees

with Sources
U.S. History in Context: Primary Sources
23.1. Mr. and Mrs. W. L. Hannon, "Letter to Mrs. Roosevelt" (1939)
23.2. U.S. Congress, Excerpts from the National Labor Relations Act (1935)
23.3. Visual Document: Social Security Board, "A Monthly Check to You" Poster (1936)
23.4. Visual Documents: Dorothea Lange, Photographs of Migratory Workers in California (1936-1939)

Chapter 24: Arsenal of Democracy: The World at War, 1931-1945

The Long Fuse
Isolationist Impulse
Disengagement from Europe
Disengagement in Asia
America at the Brink of War, 1939-1941
Day of Infamy
A Grand Alliance
War in the Pacific
The War in Europe
The Holocaust
Battle for Production
War Economy
A Government-Sponsored Technology Revolution
The Draft
On the Move: Wartime Mobility
Wartime Women
Mexicans Migrants, Mexican Americans, and American Indians in Wartime
African Americans in Wartime
Japanese American Internment
Wartime Politics and Postwar Issues
Right Turn
The 1944 Election and the Threshold of Victory
Victory in Europe
Victory in the Pacific
Global Passages: Bretton Woods and the United Nations

with Sources
U.S. History in Context: Primary Sources
24.1. Western Defense Command, "Instructions to All Persons of Japanese Ancestry Living in the Following Area" (April 30, 1942)
24.2. Eleanor Roosevelt, Excerpt from "Race, Religion, and Prejudice" (May 11, 1942)
24.3. Visual Document: J. Howard Miller, We Can Do It ("Rosie the Riveter") Poster (1942)
24.4. Franklin D. Roosevelt, Excerpt from "An Economic Bill of Rights" (January 11, 1944)

Chapter 25: Prosperity and Liberty Under the Shadow of the Bomb, 1945-1952

The Cold War
The Roots of Conflict
Managing Postwar Europe in Potsdam
The Defeat of Japan
Dividing the Postwar Globe
A Policy for Containment
The Red Scare
War in Korea
NSC-68 - A Cold War Containment Policy
The Color of Difference Is Red
Hollywood and the Pumpkin Papers
A New Affluence
The Fair Deal
The GI Bill
Working Women
Postwar Migrations
Military-Industrial West and South
Hispanics Move North
Mobile Leisure
Laying the Foundations for Civil Rights
First Steps
Jack Roosevelt Robinson
The Influence of African American Veterans
Black Migration and the Nationalization of Race
Global Passages: Rebuilding the World

with Sources
U.S. History in Context: Primary Sources
25.1. Exhibiting the Enola Gay
25.2. Frieda S. Miller, "What's Become of Rosie the Riveter?" (May 5, 1946)
25.3. Franklin D. Roosevelt, Excerpts from Statement on Signing the G.I. Bill (June 22, 1944)
25.4. W. E. B. Du Bois, Excerpts from "An Appeal to the World" (1947)

Chapter 26: The Dynamic 1950s

The Eisenhower Era
The End of the Korean War
The New Look
The Rise of the Developing World
Hungary and the Suez, 1956
France's Vietnam War
McCarthyism and the Red Scare
A Dynamic Decade
The Baby Boom
Suburban Migrations-Urban Decline
Consumer Nation
Corporate Order and Industrial Labor
The Future is Now
Auto Mania
Oil Culture
Conformity and Rebellion
Old Time Religion
Women in the 1950s
Organization Men
Teens, Rebels, and Beats
Laying the Foundation for Civil Rights
Brown and the Legal Assault
Showdown in Little Rock
Boots on the Ground
MLK and the Philosophy of Nonviolence
Global Passages: Cold War Media: Cultural Diplomacy

with Sources
U.S. History in Context: Primary Sources
26.1. Visual Documents: Time Magazine, "Man of the Year" (January 6, 1958) and Herblock, Mr. Atom--Island Footprint in The Washington Post (September 24, 1949)
26.2. Visual Documents: March of Dimes Fundraising Poster and Image of Iron Lungs in Gym (1950s)
26.3. Dwight D. Eisenhower, Address to Congress on the Interstate Highway System (February 22, 1955)
26.4. Billy Graham, Excerpts from A Re-Envisioning of Jonathan Edwards' "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" for the Cold War Generation (1949)

Chapter 27: The Optimism and the Anguish of the 1960s

The New Frontier
JFK's New Frontier
The Challenge of Racial Justice
Cold War Tensions
Kennedy Assassination
The Great Society
Civil Rights Laws
Great Society Programs
The Supreme Court and Rights and Liberties
The United States and the World beyond Vietnam
A Robust Economy
Technological Change, Science, and Space Exploration
The Rise of the Sunbelt
Race, Gender, Youth, and the Challenge to the Establishment
Urban Uprisings and Black Power
Latinos and Indians Struggle for Rights
The New Feminism
The New Environmentalism
Youth and the Counterculture
Global Passages: The Republic of Rock

with Sources
U.S. History in Context: Primary Sources
27.1. Ho Chi Minh, Excerpts from Declaration of Independence (1945)
27.2. Visual Document: David Levine, "Vietnam: The Turning Point" (May 12, 1966)
27.3. Senator Sam Ervin, Comments on Watergate (1973)
27.4. Visual Document: Herblock, Nixon Hanging Between the Tapes in The Washington Post (May 24, 1974)

Chapter 28: The Vietnam Era, 1961-1975

Background to a War, 1945-1963
Vietnam and the Cold War
American Commitments to South Vietnam
The 1963 Turning Point
An American War, 1964-1967
Decisions for Escalation, 1964-1965
Ground and Air War, 1966-1967
The War at Home
1968: Turmoil and Turning Points
The Tet Offensive
The Agony of 1968
Nixon and the World
From Vietnamization to the Paris
The End of the Vietnam War
Reduction of Cold War Tensions
Domestic Policy and the Abuse of Power
Curtailing the Great Society
Global Passages: Global Antiwar Movement

with Sources
U.S. History in Context: Primary Sources
28.1 Students for a Democratic Society, The Port Huron Statement (1962) and An Appeal to Students (1964)
28.2. Visual Document: Tomi Ungerer, Black Power White Power (1967)
28.3. Visual Document: Associated Press, Black Power Protest at the 1968 Mexico City Olympics (1968)

Chapter 29: Conservatism Resurgent, 1974-1989

An Accidental President
The Politics of Limits and Malaise
A Dangerous World, 1974-1980
America Held Hostage
Democratic Decline and the Rising Tide on the Right
The Crisis of the Democrats
Rising Tide on the Right
The Religious Right and Neoconservatism
"It's Morning Again in America"
The Rise of Reagan
Economic Realities
Conservative Justice
Social Transformation and the Technology Revolution
The Rise of the Non-Traditional Family
Gay Rights and the AIDS Epidemic
A Health Conscious America
High Technology
Challenging the "Evil Empire"
A New Arms Race
Cold War Thaw
Global Passages: Iran Contra

with Sources
U.S. History in Context: Primary Sources
29.1. Phyllis Schlafly, Excerpts from "What's Wrong with 'Equal Rights' for Women?" (February 1972)
29.2. Paul Weyrich, Excerpt from "Building the Moral Majority" (August 1979)
29.3. Visual Documents: Ronald Reagan Imagery
29.4. Ronald Reagan, Excerpts from Speech to the National Association of Evangelicals (March 1983)

Chapter 30: After the Cold War, 1988-2000
George H. W. Bush and the End of the Cold War
The Election of 1988
The Bush Presidency at Home
The New World Order
The Election of 1992
The Good Times
Innovation and New Technology
Bill Clinton and the New Democrats
An Awkward Start
Clinton's Recovery
Clinton's Second Term
A Post-Cold War Foreign Policy
Intervention and Mediation
International Terrorism
The Disputed Election of 2000
Bush versus Gore
The Election in Florida and a Supreme Court Decision
Global Passages: Global Transportation Revolution: The Big Box

with Sources
U.S. History in Context: Primary Sources
30.1. Apple Computer Company and Computerworld, "Introducing Macintosh" Advertisement (1984) and Excerpts from "Steve Jobs: Oral History" (April 20, 1995)
30.2. Joseph Perkins, "Op-Ed" (October 21, 1994) and The New York Times, "Why Proposition 187 Won't Work" (November 20, 1994)
30.3. President Clinton, Excerpts from "The Era of Big Government is Over" (January 23, 1996)
30.4. The Economist, "The End?"

Chapter 31: 21st-Century Dangers and Promises, 2000-Present

The Age of Sacred Terror
The United States and Terrorism before September 11, 2001
September 11 and Al Qaeda
The War in Afghanistan
The Iraq War
Policing Terrorism
Conservatism in the Bush Years
Culture Wars
Compassionate Conservatism
The Election of 2004
Privatizing Social Security
Hurricane Katrina
The Election of 2006
Economic Turmoil
The Dot-Com Bust, Financial Scandals, and the Middle-Class Squeeze
The Obama Years
The Election of 2008
Economic Recovery
Iraqi Withdrawal and the Afghan War
Battles in the Legislature
Protests on the Right and Left
The 2012 Election
Going over the Fiscal Cliff
Justice in the 21st Century
Civil Rights for Gay Americans
Global Passages: The Arab Spring

with Sources
U.S. History in Context: Primary Sources
31.1. Al Qaeda, Fatwa Against the United States (February 23, 1998)
31.2. Justice John Paul Stevens, Excerpts from Hamdan v. Rumsfeld (June 29, 2006)
31.3. Pope John Paul II, Robert and Mary Schindler, Judge George Greer, and the Florida Court of Appeals: Opinions on Terri Schiavo and the Right to Die (2000s)
31.4. Richmond Times-Dispatch, Excerpts from "Young Voters Concerned about Issues" (April 20, 2008) and New York Amsterdam News, Excerpts from"Youth Politicking" (September 18, 2008)

Appendix A: Historical Documents
Appendix B: Historical Facts and Data
Photo Credits

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