Agribusiness and Innovation Systems in Africa

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Format: Paperback
Pub. Date: 2009-06-22
Publisher(s): World Bank
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This book examines how agricultural innovation arises in four African countries-Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda- through the lens of agribusiness, public policies, and specific value chains for food staples, high value products, and livestock. Determinants of innovation are not viewed individually but within the context of a complex agricultural innovation system involving many actors and interactions. The volume is based on qualitative interviews with agribusiness representatives that were designed to shed light on their experiences on public policies that either enhances or impedes innovation in Africa's agriculture sector.Following are the volume's main messages on policies, institutions and strategies that nurture innovation in the agriculture sector: 1) agribusiness innovation is in many cases driven by the need to maintain grades and standards within the value chain, not only in the case of export markets, but also in evolving domestic and urban markets and value chains; 2) that staple food sector has potential to be a source of growth, innovation and poverty reduction; 3) successes in value chain innovation and agribusiness production depend critically on the structure of the whole agricultural innovation system and are highly context specific; 4) especially successful innovation were dependent on creating synergies between market-based and knowledge-based interactions and strong linkages within and beyond the value chain; and 5) the public sector's innovation support has to extend to interactions, collective action and broader public-private partnership programs.This book will be of interest to policymakers, agribusiness leaders, farmer organizations, NGOs, and researchers.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
Contributorsp. xiii
Acknowledgmentsp. xvii
Abbreviationsp. xix
Introduction and Main Messagesp. 1
Agriculture and Developmentp. 1
The Sub-Saharan African Context and Focus of the Bookp. 2
A Changing Landscapep. 4
Agricultural Innovation Systemsp. 5
Agribusiness, Value Chains, and Public Policiesp. 6
Main Messagesp. 9
Notesp. 13
Referencesp. 14
Value Chains, Innovation, and Public Policies in African Agriculture: A Synthesis of Four Country Studiesp. 15
Agricultural Innovation Systems in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Value Chainsp. 20
Agricultural Innovation Systems in Sub-Saharan Africa: Beyond the Value Chains-Support Structures and Services and the Intermediary Domainp. 38
Agricultural Innovation Systems in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Impact of Public Policies and Institutions on Agribusiness Innovationp. 49
Conclusionp. 55
Notesp. 56
Referencesp. 57
The Agribusiness Country Reportsp. 61
Ghana: Cassava, Cocoa, and Poultryp. 63
Executive Summaryp. 63
Background and Policy Contextp. 65
An Overview of the Subsectors and Their Value Chainsp. 67
Innovation in the Subsectors: Innovations within the Value Chainsp. 72
Support Structures and Servicesp. 75
Coordination within the Innovation System: The Systems Approachp. 76
Public Policy Influence on Agribusiness Innovationsp. 82
Conclusion and Summary of Recommendationsp. 85
Notesp. 86
Referencesp. 86
Kenya: Maize, Tomato, and Dairyp. 89
Executive Summaryp. 89
Introduction to Kenya's Agricultural Sectorp. 91
Overview of the Subsectors, their Value Chains, and Innovationsp. 92
Links and Coordination within the Innovation Systemp. 116
Public Policy Influence on Agribusiness Innovationsp. 121
Conclusionp. 131
Referencesp. 132
Tanzania: Sunflower, Cassava, and Dairyp. 135
Background Informationp. 136
Overview of the Subsectors, their Value Chains, and Innovationsp. 139
Further Aspects of Innovation Related to all Subsectorsp. 147
Support Structures and Servicesp. 149
Coordination among Key Actors of the Innovation Systemp. 151
The Impact of Policiesp. 155
Conclusionp. 158
Notesp. 161
Referencesp. 161
Uganda: Fish, Bananas, and Vegetablesp. 163
Backgroundp. 164
Innovation across the Value Chainsp. 167
Links among Key Actors of the Innovation Systemp. 173
Policy Influence on Agribusinessp. 179
Conclusionp. 184
Notesp. 188
Referencesp. 188
Survey Questionnairep. 191
Designp. 191
The List of Interview Questionsp. 194
Notep. 197
Referencep. 198
Indexp. 199
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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